I'm hoping that I might be able to change some minds here today.
It won’t be easy, obviously, because when is it ever? But on parenting issues, there are so many emotional ties and hardened beliefs that enter into the equation that make swaying someone’s personal beliefs nearly impossible.
As parents, we bear an enormous responsibility. Far beyond the basic tenets of parenting, which includes feeding, clothing, and raising your child. We also take our job seriously - teaching our children how to become strong, independent, viable members of our society, no matter their age or where they go.
No surprise than that we take these decisions very, very seriously.
I’ll admit that I find the idea of attachment parenting more than a little interesting, and I can definitely see why it appeals to a lot of parents. It's not surprising that most of us want to love our kids unreservedly, especially in those first few years. Our instincts are all about holding baby close, meeting their needs the moment they arise, and protecting them with the strength and determination of a mama and papa bear.
To summarize quickly, attachment parenting is a parenting philosophy that was popularized by Drs. William and Martha Sears in their 1993 publication, “The Baby Book.” The idea, in a nutshell, is maximum closeness and responsiveness. You wear your baby, you share a bed with your baby, you breastfeed on demand, and you answer their cries immediately.
In theory, this creates a strong attachment between mother and baby, which results in well-adjusted children who grow up to be happy, healthy, contributing members of society.
This theory, since it's inception, has been a high focus of many parenting debates, but what science has proven in the decades since, is that there is no strong evidence to show that attachment parenting is better or worse than other parenting styles and theories.
But that’s not what I want to talk about today. This is about whether attachment parenting and sleep training are mutually exclusive.
Can You Be an AP PArent and Sleep Train?
I have worked with more than a few clients who subscribe to the attachment parenting ideology and they usually feel like they’re not committing 100% to the ideology.
You see, an important thing to note here is that Dr. Sears included a catchy bullet point list of the principles of attachment parenting that he refers to as “The Seven B’s.” They are, in no particular order...
So the first three have nothing to do with sleep training. You can bond with your baby as much as you want, breastfeed until they're well into toddlerhood, and babywear your child everywhere you go, and as a pediatric sleep coach, I would tell you that’s sounds wonderful.
The three that follow are the ones that tend to give attachment parenting advocates pause when they think about sleep training.
Sleeping close to baby is another term for bed sharing, which Dr. Sears is a big fan of. It’s a common belief about pediatric sleep coaches that we’re against against the act of bed sharing, and I won’t act like I don’t know where that came from. The consensus from most of my colleagues is that babies sleep better, and so do their parents, when they aren’t in the same bed as you. More people in bed means more movement, more movement means more wake ups, and more wake ups means less of that high-quality, health-benefiting deep sleep that we want everyone to have.
So is it a deal breaker when it comes to sleep training? It is. Teaching babies to fall asleep independently isn’t really feasible when Mom is in arms’ reach at all times.
Now, I have heard a lot of parents say they get better sleep when they bed share with their little ones, and that’s great. However, if your definition of bed sharing is that one parent is sleeping on the couch and one of you is sleeping in bed with baby, waking every 45 minutes to breastfeed back to sleep, that’s not what would be commonly described as “quality sleep.”
For anyone who wants to keep their little one close but would rather not wake up to their baby's wild swings of their limbs throughout the night, I suggest sharing a room instead of a bed. As long as baby has a separate space to sleep, like a crib or a play pen, then sleep training is once again a viable option. Decades of research also shows that room-sharing is far safer for your child than to bed-share.
What About my Baby Crying?
Crying is how babies express discontentment and frustration, no question about it. Whether it’s a wet diaper, general discomfort, or just wanting something that they don’t have at that particular moment, babies cry to express that they want something.
It might be noticed that I specifically avoided saying that they cry to express a “need,” because let’s be honest, not everything a baby cries over is a requirement. If you disagree, I urge you to take a look at these hilarious examples of kids crying for nonsensical reasons. Though I'll tell you, if the microwave ate my lunch, I'd be pretty upset too.
A lot of my families are surprised when I tell them that sleep training does NOT require them to leave their babies to cry until they fall asleep. In reality, I won't ask my families to wait much more than 10 minutes before stepping and check on their child.
I do suggest giving your baby a few minutes to see if they can fall back to sleep on their own, but the idea that sleep training requires parents to close the door at bedtime and leave their little ones until the next morning, regardless of the intensity or duration of their crying, is, in scientific terms, bogus. And I refuse to do it.
So we’ve managed to get to the last two of the seven Bs without any real conflict, but this next one is going to be tough to navigate.
"Beware of the Baby Trainers"
So let me just level with you here, okay? I can’t speak for everyone in my profession, but as a certified pediatric and adult sleep coach, I am part of the largest collaborative network of pediatric sleep coaches in the world, and we all have one thing in common.
We’re passionate about helping families.
We’ve been through this issue ourselves, we’ve found a solution, and we’re devoted to helping others the same way we helped our own babies because we know, first hand, the difference it makes in people’s lives. And for anyone who might be thinking, “They’re just in it for the money,” I implore you to try working with exhausted parents and overtired babies for a few nights and tell me about how easy the money is.
We work with people in their most exhausted, desperate moments, and it is challenging work. The reward is in the results; the smiles of those happy babies and the relief in the eyes of the parents who are feeling renewed and re-energized about being a parent, now that they’re getting enough sleep.
My only other issue with the attachment parenting style outlined by Dr. Sears lies in the last of his seven rules: Balance.
“Wear your baby everywhere, breastfeed on demand, respond immediately to every whimper, sleep next to them, and hey, remember to take some time for yourself, because it’s all about balance.”
But on the fundamental principle of balancing your parenting responsibilities with your self- care, I totally agree. Being a mother is a priority. It can easily be argued that it should be your main priority. Many would tell you that it’s your only priority, which I would disagree with, but let’s say for a minute that it’s true.
If you’re going to be the best mom you can be, you absolutely, need to get regular, sufficient rest.
Making the Balance Happen
Motherhood is incredibly demanding and requires a finely-tuned well-oiled machine to do it right. You have to be patient, understanding, energized, empathetic, entertaining, and focused to be a good parent. Ask yourself, how many of those qualities would you say you possess on three hours of sleep?
One of my favorite quotes on parenthood is Jill Churchill’s heartwarming reminder that none of us bat 1.000 in this sport.
“There’s no way to be a perfect mother and a million ways to be a good one.”
It reminds me that we, like our babies, are unique, and all of these parenting recipes need to be tweaked and adjusted to suit our individual familiar needs. So if attachment parenting is your thing, more power to you. The best parenting strategy is the one that works for you and your family.
But if your little one isn’t sleeping and bed-sharing doesn’t seem to be rectifying the problem, I urge you to consider bending Dr. Sears’ rules a little and getting some help.
I won’t tell him if you don’t.
I am a Pediatric Sleep Consultant who works with families to help them resolve their littles' sleep issues. As a mom of two littles herself, Katie has walked in the shoes of her clients and is passionate about helping them re-discover peaceful sleeps in their own homes.